STS-65 Fact Sheet

By Cliff Lethbridge

STS-65 — Columbia

63rd Space Shuttle Mission

17th Flight of Columbia


Robert D. Cabana, Commander

James D. Halsell, Jr., Pilot

Richard J. Hieb, Payload Commander

Donald A. Thomas, Science Mission Specialist

Carl E. Walz, Mission Specialist

Leroy Chiao, Mission Specialist

Chiaki Naito-Mukai, Payload Specialist

Orbiter Preparations:

Tow to Orbiter Processing Facility – March 18, 1994

Rollover to Vehicle Assembly Building – June 8, 1994

Rollout to Launch Pad 39A – June 15, 1994


July 8, 1994 – 12:43:00 p.m. EDT. Launch occurred as scheduled with no delays.


July 23, 1994 – 6:38:01 a.m. EDT at Runway 33, Kennedy Space Center. Rollout distance was 10,211 feet. Rollout time was 68 seconds. Mission duration was 14 days, 17 hours, 55 minutes, 1 second. Landing occurred during the 236th orbit.

Mission Summary:

Astronaut Chiaki Naito-Mukai became the first Japanese woman to fly in space.

This was the second flight of the International Microgravity Laboratory (IML-2). Nearly 80 experiments representing over 200 scientists from six space agencies were located in the pressurized Spacelab module in the payload bay.

50 experiments focused on life sciences, while about 30 were related to materials processing. Experiments were conducted using bacteria, mammalian and human cells, isolated tissues and eggs, sea urchin larvae, fruit flies and plant seedlings.

In addition to IML-2 investigations, payloads included Orbital Acceleration Research Experiment (OARE), Commercial Protein Crystal Growth (CPCG), Military Application of Ship Tracks (MAST), Shuttle Amateur Radio Experiment (SAREX) and Air Force Maui Optical Site (AMOS) calibration tests.

The crew took time during the mission to honor the 25th anniversary of Apollo 11, noting that it also involved a spacecraft named Columbia. Spikes experienced in Inertial Measurement Unit-1 (IMU-1) did not adversely affect the mission.